Crawling and Bum Scooting

Types of CrawlersDiagram showing different types of crawlers

  • A = Reciprocal creeping/crawling: typical and important
  • B = Bear crawling: typical and seen in later stages
  • C =  3 point crawl: atypical if it is their primary way of crawling
  • D = Army/commando crawling: typical and seen in early stages
  • E = Bum scooting/shuffling: atypical if it is their primary way of crawling
  • F = Side shuffle: atypical if it is their primary way of crawling

What does it mean if my child does not use reciprocal crawling?

When a child uses 3 point crawling, bum scooting, or side shuffling, (C, E and F) as their primary means of moving around on the floor, it can indicate muscle weakness and tightness on one side of the body. This may lead to a delay in future motor milestones.

How can I help my child learn to reciprocal crawl?

  • Provide lots of opportunity for tummy time
  • Promote time playing on hands and knees on the floor
  • Reduce time in exersaucers, jolly jumpers and other containers

Why is reciprocal crawling important?

  • Strengthens muscles in the arms, hands, legs, core and neck
  • Promotes coordination between both sides of the body
  • Promotes hand-eye coordination
  • Improves body awareness and develops the sensory system
  • Promotes brain development
  • Prepares for pulling to stand, standing and walking
  • Promotes motor planning

PDF Format of Crawling and Bum Scooting Resource